Special Section on Metamaterials and Photonic Nanostructures

Strong room-temperature ultraviolet to red excitons from inorganic organic-layered perovskites, (R-NH3)2MX4 (M=Pb2+, Sn2+, Hg2+; X=I−, Br−)

[+] Author Affiliations
Shahab Ahmad

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Nanophotonics Lab, Department of Physics, New Delhi 110016, India

G. Vijaya Prakash

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Nanophotonics Lab, Department of Physics, New Delhi 110016, India

J. Nanophoton. 8(1), 083892 (Jan 29, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JNP.8.083892
History: Received September 16, 2013; Revised November 19, 2013; Accepted January 2, 2014
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Abstract.  Many varieties of layered inorganic-organic (IO) perovskite of type (R-NH3)2MX4 (where R: organic moiety, M: divalent metal, and X: halogen) were successfully fabricated and characterized. X-ray diffraction data suggest that these inorganic and organic structures are alternatively stacked up along c-axis, where inorganic mono layers are of extended corner-shared MX6 octahedra and organic spacers are the bi-layers of organic entities. These layered perovskites show unusual room-temperature exciton absorption and photoluminescence due to the quantum and dielectric confinement-induced enhancement in the exciton binding energies. A wide spectral range of optical exciton tunability (350 to 600 nm) was observed experimentally from systematic compositional variation in (i) divalent metal ions (M=Pb2+, Sn2+, Hg2+), (ii) halides (X=I and Br), and (iii) organic moieties (R). Specific photoluminescence features are due to the structure of the extended MX42 network and the eventual electronic band structure. The compositionally dependent photoluminescence of these IO hybrids could be useful in various photonic and optoelectronic devices.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Shahab Ahmad and G. Vijaya Prakash
"Strong room-temperature ultraviolet to red excitons from inorganic organic-layered perovskites, (R-NH3)2MX4 (M=Pb2+, Sn2+, Hg2+; X=I−, Br−)", J. Nanophoton. 8(1), 083892 (Jan 29, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.8.083892


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