Research Papers

Design of hybrid photonic crystal fiber with elliptical and circular air holes analyzed for large flattened dispersion and high birefringence

[+] Author Affiliations
Varshali Sharma

Manipal University Jaipur, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Rajasthan 303007, India

Ritu Sharma

Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Rajasthan 302017, India

J. Nanophoton. 10(2), 026016 (May 10, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JNP.10.026016
History: Received January 24, 2016; Accepted April 7, 2016
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Abstract.  A design of two-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with elliptical and circular air holes and its analyses for large flattened dispersion and high birefringence is presented. The PCF has hexagonal layout with triangular lattice. There are five rings around the solid core. The inner three rings around the core have elliptical air holes while the outer two rings have circular air holes. Three such layouts are designed, analyzed, and compared with the layout having only circular air hole using full-vector finite difference time domain method. The layout with hybrid structure having combined elliptical and circular air hole gives a large flattened dispersion of the order of 4.88  ps/nm/km for the wavelength range of 1.2 to 1.8  μm and magnitude of modal birefringence is 1.238×103 at 1.55-μm wavelength.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Varshali Sharma and Ritu Sharma
"Design of hybrid photonic crystal fiber with elliptical and circular air holes analyzed for large flattened dispersion and high birefringence", J. Nanophoton. 10(2), 026016 (May 10, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.10.026016


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