Research Papers

Third-harmonic signal generation and enhancement in nonlinear photonic crystals with an efficient continuation finite-element method

[+] Author Affiliations
Jianhua Yuan, Jian Yang, Wenbao Ai, Jinghua Xiao, Tianping Shuai

Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, School of Science, and State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, No. 10, Xi Tucheng Road, Hai Dian District, Beijing 100876, China

J. Nanophoton. 10(3), 036017 (Sep 20, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JNP.10.036017
History: Received April 7, 2016; Accepted August 30, 2016
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Abstract.  A computational study of the third-harmonic (TH) generation (THG) and enhancement through an χ(3) process in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals is presented in this paper. We have introduced a canonical variational problem with a small increment factor to solve the THG problem. The problem with a large input pump intensity or strong nonlinear susceptibilities can be handled by a versatile and accurate method, which combines finite-element methods and a continuation fixed-point iteration algorithm. The TH signal generation and enhancement through the direct χ(3) process are displayed by two periodic structures. Numerical experiments show that the TH signal is significantly enhanced when the frequencies of the fundamental wave and the TH wave are turned to the corresponding photonic band edges to meet the phase-matching condition. Results of numerical experiments also indicate that our proposed method is computationally efficient and precise to handle strong nonlinearities, i.e., large values of input pump power.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Jianhua Yuan ; Jian Yang ; Wenbao Ai ; Jinghua Xiao and Tianping Shuai
"Third-harmonic signal generation and enhancement in nonlinear photonic crystals with an efficient continuation finite-element method", J. Nanophoton. 10(3), 036017 (Sep 20, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.10.036017


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