Special Section on Nanocarbon Photonics and Optoelectronics

Microwave method for synthesis of micro- and nanostructures with controllable composition during gyrotron discharge

[+] Author Affiliations
German M. Batanov, Valentin D. Borzosekov, Leonid V. Kolik, Nikolai K. Kharchev, Alexander A. Letunov, Karen A. Sarksian

Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119991, Russia

Dmitri Golberg

National Institute for Material Science, Namiki 1-1, Tsukiba, Ibaraki 3050044, Japan

Ludmila D. Iskhakova

Russian Academy of Sciences, Fiber Optics Research Center, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119333, Russia

Evgeny M. Konchekov

Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119991, Russia

National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Leninskii pr. 4, Moscow 119991, Russia

Dmitry V. Malakhov, Alexander E. Petrov, Vladimir D. Stepakhin

Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119991, Russia

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ostrovitianov Street 1, Moscow 117997, Russia

Filipp O. Milovich

Russian Academy of Sciences, Fiber Optics Research Center, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119333, Russia

National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Leninskii pr. 4, Moscow 119991, Russia

Ekaterina A. Obraztsova

Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119991, Russia

National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Leninskii pr. 4, Moscow 119991, Russia

M.M. Shemiakin and Yu.A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya 16/10, Moscow 117997, Russia

Irina G. Ryabikina

Moscow State University of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automatics, pr. Vernadskogo 78, Moscow 119454, Russia

Nina N. Skvortsova

Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow 119991, Russia

Moscow State University of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automatics, pr. Vernadskogo 78, Moscow 119454, Russia

National Research Nuclear University MIPhI, Kashirskoye shosse 31, Moscow 115409, Russia

J. Nanophoton. 10(1), 012520 (Jan 19, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JNP.10.012520
History: Received August 27, 2015; Accepted October 27, 2015
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Abstract.  We introduce an approach toward the synthesis of micro- and nanostructures under nonequilibrium microwave discharges within metal–dielectric powder mixtures induced by powerful microwave gyrotron radiation. A new plasma-chemical reactor capable of sustaining a discharge regime with an afterglow phase of an order of magnitude longer than the gyrotron pulse duration was constructed for these experiments. In the nonequilibrium conditions of such a discharge, plasma-induced exothermic chemical reactions leading to the synthesis of various compounds were initiated. The synthesized structures were deposited on the reactor walls and on the impurity particles within the reactor. This method was tested under gyrotron-initiated discharges within various metal–dielectric powder mixtures of titanium–boron, molybdenum–boron, titanium–silicon–boron, molybdenum–boron nitride, molybdenum–tungsten–boron nitride, and so on. Depending on the powder mixture composition, reactor atmosphere, and other parameters, micro- and nanosized particles of boron nitride, titanium diboride, molybdenum boride, titanium boride, molybdenum, and molybdenum oxide, were synthesized, detected, and analyzed.

Figures in this Article
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

German M. Batanov ; Valentin D. Borzosekov ; Dmitri Golberg ; Ludmila D. Iskhakova ; Leonid V. Kolik, et al.
"Microwave method for synthesis of micro- and nanostructures with controllable composition during gyrotron discharge", J. Nanophoton. 10(1), 012520 (Jan 19, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.10.012520


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